ScotchScotch is the term given to a whiskey made in Scotland. It is a distilled mixture of water and malted barley or other grains.


Once it is processed into a mash then converted and fermented with the addition of yeast, it must then be aged in oak casks for a minimum of three years. Only caramel may be used during the aging process to aid the coloring of the scotch.

While unblended varieties do exist, scotch generally consists of a mixture of different whiskeys. As such, regulations are in place that state that when an age is mentioned on the label of a blended scotch, it must be that of the youngest whiskey in the blend. There are 2 general types of whiskeys that can be combined to produce blended scotch: malt whiskey and grain whiskey. Grain whiskey is distilled from a base of corn and barley grains, whereas malt whiskey includes 4 different varieties from the different geographic parts of Scotland. Popular blended scotches can include as many as 30 different whiskey mixed together to create a unique taste sensation.


The production of whiskey is Scotland dates back hundreds of years, with the term “Whiskey” originating from the Gaelic for “water of life.” However, it was not until the 11th century that Scottish monks started distilling whiskeys to produce a smoother finished product. Now, while whiskey can be produced around the world, scotch must come from Scotland.

Bartending Tips

Generally, good quality scotch is served neat in a whiskey tumbler or tulip shaped glass that allows for the swirling of the liquid. Ice should not be added as it dulls not only the taste of the whiskey, but the aroma as well. There is a debate among scotch lovers as to whether water should be added. Some say that in small quantities, fresh still water brings out more of the flavour and aroma of the scotch, but others say that it dilutes it, ruining the experience of drinking a fine whiskey. Mixers such as cola, ginger ale, and lemonade can be added, but they mask rather than enhance the taste of the whiskey itself.

Download The Free Ebook

If You Liked This Bartending Lesson You Should Check Out:

Posted in: , , ,